World Hepatitis Day: Causes, Symptoms And Basic Things To Know About This Killer Disease.
What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is a virus that infects the liver. Most adults who get it have it for a short time and then get better. This is called acute hepatitis B.
Sometimes the virus causes a long-term infection, called chronic hepatitis B. Over time, it can damage your liver. Babies and young children infected with the virus are more likely to get chronic hepatitis B.
You can have hepatitis B and not know it. You may not have symptoms. If you do, they can make you feel like you have the flu. But as long as you have the virus, you can spread it to others.
What causes hepatitis B?
It’s caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is spread through contact with the blood and body fluids of an infected person.
You may get hepatitis B if you:
Have sex with an infected person without using a condom.
Share needles (used for injecting drugs) with an infected person.
Get a tattoo or piercing with tools that weren’t sterilized.
Share personal items like razors or toothbrushes with an infected person.
What are the symptoms?
Many people with hepatitis B don’t know they have it, because they don’t have symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may just feel like you have the flu. Symptoms include:
-Feeling very tired.
-Not wanting to eat.
-Feeling sick to your stomach or vomiting.
-Tan-colored bowel movements (stools).
-Yellowish eyes and skin (jaundice). Jaundice usually appears -only after other symptoms have started to go away.
Most people with chronic hepatitis B have no symptoms.
Other Basic Things To Know About HEPATITIS:
– People may have no symptoms of hepatitis while some other people may develop visible symptoms like skin discolouration, poor appetite, pain around the abdomen, vomiting, diarrhoea.
– Hepatitis may be acute (temporary) or chronic (short term). This is dependent on whether it stays up to or more than 6 months on the body of the infected person(s). Remember that a typical hepatitis case may result in the other, and the time span for changing phases may be short, depending on the swiftness to treating when discovered!
– Some of the signs and symptoms include (but not limited to) tiredness, dark urine, pale and watery stool, unexpected weight loss, yellow skin, yellow eyes, and typical signs of jaundice.
– Drug use can lead to hepatitis. For you, that is keen with self-medication all the time. You better watch it Now!!
– Hepatitis, especially C is ten times more infectious than HIV/AIDS. Hepatitis C can also be sexually transmitted but the likelihood of contracting the virus is through sharing needles, blood transfusions and other equipment used in injecting drugs. Even unsterilized tattoo needles can lead to a viral Hepatitis infection! Take Note!!
– Dirty environments, poor sanitation like a dirty bathroom, drink contaminated water, eating food that is not properly cooked, and under-cooked meat of pigs can expose you to a high-level ad risk of contracting hepatitis A and E.
– People in flooded areas too are exposed to the virus.
– Hepatitis B is usually transferred from mother to child, hence the major reason why a lot of pregnant women are tested for one type. If you are pregnant and have not been tested. Quickly rush to your doctor.
– Chronic hepatitis can lead to liver failure and when that begins to happen, your brain can relapse and that can lead to a condition close to dementia. Also, there may be issues with blood clotting since faulty liver leads to a less protein which helps to clot blood.
Additional source- DeeDees Blog