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24 Causes of delay in child bearing

It is a complex thing to pinpoint why a woman is not conceiving. Generally, there is no single factor, but a combination of things. So we asked experts, who gave us the top 24 reasons.

1. Postpone
The most common reason is delaying pregnancy to a late reproduction stage by women, because of the focus on career or family reasons and other personal issues

2. Damage to the fallopian tubes.
This is the root cause of infertility in almost 30% of the cases. When fallopian tubes are blocked, they prevent the sperm from getting to the egg or block the passage of the fertilized egg into the uterus, thus leading to infertility.

3. Anaemic or low haemoglobin.
Studies have revealed that women who don’t get sufficient amounts of iron may suffer from lack of ovulation, a condition called anovulation. This results in poor egg health, which can inhibit pregnancy at a rate 60% higher than those with sufficient iron stores in their blood.

4. Thyroid problem.
Hypothyroidism is associated with a range of reproductive disorders, from abnormal sexual development to menstrual irregularities and infertility. Many studies have pointed out the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in patients with infertility, which suggests that there is an increased prevalence of AITD in infertility clinics.

5. Endometriosis.
Up to 30% to 50% of women with endometriosis may experience infertility. Medical therapy before attempts at conception can help treat the problem sometimes.
6. TB in the genital tracts.
“While the initial exposure to the tubercle bacillus is through the lungs (because the bacillus is inhaled), most of us can fight off the infection, as a result of which it remains silent in the body, causing no harm. However, sometimes these latent bacilli get reactivated, and then spread throughout the body through the blood stream. They can then get deposited in any part of the body, causing a TB infection of that organ. It is only when it lodges and infects the genital tract, that TB can cause infertility”, explain infertility expert Dr Aniruddha Malpani.

7. Use of lubricants.
It reduces sperm mobility and transfer. Reproductive Physiologist, Joanna Ellington, informs that Water based lubricants often have glycerin (which has been shown to be toxic to sperm) and propylene glycol both of which are highly hyperosmotic. This results in irreversible damage to sperm and a loss in motility after exposure to commercial lubricants. Damage to sperm and subsequent inability of the sperm to penetrate into the cervix following contact with lubricants may prevent conception in some couples.

8. Uterus Fibroids.
Much depends on what type of fibroid you have. Less than three per cent of women who seek help for infertility have fibroids without any other obvious cause for their fertility problem.

9.  Premature menopause.
ALTHOUGH YOU CAN’T USE YOUR OWN EGGS, YOU CAN FIND AN EGG DONOR TO ACHIEVE A PREGNANCY.

10. Low ovarian reserve.
A TRUE ‘POOR RESPONDER’, AS IVF CLINICS CALL THEM, HAVE A LOWER CHANCE OF CONCEPTION AND LIVE BIRTH COMPARED TO MEMBERS OF THE NORMAL RESPONDER GROUP REGARDLESS OF THE AGE. THE NORMAL RESPONDERS CAN OPT FOR IVF TECHNIQUES.

11. Pelvic inflammatory disease and PCOS.
As reported on WebMD, “Scarring inside the fallopian tubes is permanent and can twist or block the tubes with scar tissue or fluid, leading to tubal infertility. About 1 out of 10 women cannot become pregnant after having PID once.”

12. Male infertility.
For about one in five infertile couples the problem lies solely in the male partner. It is estimated that one in 20 men has some kind of fertility problem with low numbers of sperm in his ejaculate.

13. Poor lifestyle choices.
Poor diet and nutrition is another reason for infertility in men and women.

14. Stress or hormonal problem.
According to researchers, women with crazy hectic jobs are those most at risk of being infertile, and are often most in denial about the stress in their lives.

15. Urinary Tract Infection and other medical problems.
Approximately 35% of women with an infertility problem are afflicted with genital tract infections.

16. Irregular periods.
Absent periods, or infrequent periods with excessively heavy or light bleeding prevents the release of a mature egg from an ovary.

17. Bad sexual life.
Zero sexcapades, broken relationships and extreme stress can signal that you are not hitting the right target.

18. Emotionally disturbed.
Studies have concluded that stress, depression and anxiety can lower your fertility levels. A recent study on stress and infertility explains how so many studies have found that people with major depression are less fertile than others.

19. Indulging in smoking, drinking and drugs.
Smoking damages sperm, making them less likely to fertilize eggs.

20. Sleep deprivation, long traveling and driving.
Missing the required number of sleep hours a night can impact your ability to conceive. Sleep has a powerful influence on the body’s hormonal system, which controls a woman’s cycle and regulates ovulation.

21. Drug overdose.
According to a study performed in 2003, regular cannabis smoking can have serious effects on male infertility including lowered sperm count, decreased volume of seminal fluid and poor sperm motility.

22. Immune system diseases.
Abnormal immune function can affect fertility as well as miscarriage risk, affected women need two layers of treatment: a first layer to conceive, and a second to prevent pregnancy loss after conception. Women suffering from Asthma, Diabetes or Kidney diseases suffer from infertility because of this reason.

23. Being overweight or unusually thin.
Being too thin is worse than being too fat when trying for a baby, women have been warned. A study found that skinny women are less likely to become pregnant than those who are overweight – including those classed as dangerously obese.

24. Environmental pollution.
ACCORDING TO ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
journal, “Pollutants such as perchlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), industrial compounds and pesticides that are no longer manufactured but remain in older products can still decrease couples’ ability to have children by up to 29%.”

 

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